To build the 1927-30 topographic map tiles, each of the 82 printed sheets from the original set was scanned at the Geography and Maps Department of the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. The resulting jpeg files were georeferenced, reprojected to the ‘Web Mercator’ projection, clipped to remove the borders, mosaiced together into three jpg files and tiled for zoom levels 8 to 18. This was done in three batches due to size issues. The software used to perform these steps was Quantum GIS (Version 1.8). Finally, the three sets of tiles were merged using a custom piece of software that merged overlapping tiles. This software is available upon request from me.
For the Open Street Map overlay, OSM data from April 4, 2013 for the state of Georgia was downloaded. Next, data for the Atlanta area was excerpted using Osmosis. Finally, map tiles were produced using Mapertive.
This workflow could be used to produce map tiles from any historical map.
Notes on 1927-30 Atlanta Topographic Map Copyright
The following information was obtained on a visit to the United States Copyright Office on the 4th floor of the Library of Congress Madison Building on 28 February 2013.
In the ‘Graphic Arts Claimant Catalog’ drawer 028 filed under ‘Atlanta, City of’ two cards as follows
- 1in = 200ft (1:2400) Scale Maps of Atlanta – 50 sheets numbered 1-50
- 1in = 1000ft (1:12000) Scale Maps of Atlanta Vicinity – 32 sheets numbered 51-88 with no numbers 62, 67, 68, 75, 82, 83
The applications were made and fees paid by S. P. Floore of Hobart St in Washington, DC. He is noted on the maps as ‘Topographic Engineer in Charge’. The cards give the record entries as F1868 and F1869.
I requested the ‘Copyright Ledger Book’ containing these two entries. They are found in the ledger book titled ‘Maps – Class F – 1930 – Volume 2′. The entries show a publication date of July 22, 1930 and a copyright registration date of September 2, 1930. There is no indication of a copyright renewal. Staff showed me where other a few other maps in the ledger book had renewals noted. Apparently copyright for maps were not generally renewed as the maps were out of date after 28 years and had little commercial value.
We can’t find a date on this map, but the Atlanta Transit Company operated between 1950 and 1972. Given the lack of interstates on the map, we can reasonably assume this is from the 1950s.
The “Shoppers Special” route is pretty interesting. It connected “widely separated points in the business district,” from the capitol to the intersection of Peachtree and 10th streets, or out Ponce de Leon Avenue to the Sears building.
The city of Atlanta ninety years before hosting the Centennial Olympic Games. One of the most striking things in this map is all the changes to street names.
This Map is from a 1928 survey of the city. You should really click the fullscreen button (lower right on image) for this one. This map is the subject of a much larger project here at the Emory Library.
Some fun things that jump out on this map include Morris Brown University was in the Old Fourth Ward on Boulevard between Irwin Street and Houston Street (now John Wesley Dobbs Avenue.) Where we now have Maynard Jackson High School and a concrete plant, there was the James L. Kay Golf Course. However, the most stunning thing seems to be how much more physically connected the city seems to have been in 1928.
This map is made of 50 pages that were scanned, cropped and stitched together. If the map was printed at its full resolution it would measure 13 feet by 8 feet. The individual pages of this map and the 1878 map can be viewed on Emory Library’s MARBL site.
This is the overview page of the 1878 atlas. See the rest on the 1878 Atlas post.
This map is from the City Atlas of Atlanta, Georgia, which was published for the Southern and Southwestern Surveying and Pub. Co. in 1878. This is a representation of the atlas pages arranged in proper order. We are working on a stitched-together version, but the scale isn’t consistent across the pages. If you have a suggestion for how to best display the pages, please share in the comments!
We had several favorite finds on the map.
Northside Drive was once known as Race Track Street. Memorial Drive was Fair Street. (There are still remnants of Fair in Castleberry Hill.)
What’s now known around town as the AUC — the Atlanta University Center — was then known as the ACU — the Atlanta Colored University.
Parcels of land seem to be labelled according to who owned them. For example, most of the area we now know as Grant Park is marked with the name L.P. Grant. Just five years later, according to the New Georgia Encyclopedia, Lemuel P. Grant proposed to donate 100 acres of land there for Atlanta’s first city-owned public park.
What do you notice on the map?
Also, check out the overview page